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Tuesday, May 21, 2024

ESRI warns of economic decline and job losses


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ESRI, a highly respected economic research institute, has issued a warning regarding the potential decline in the economy and the resulting job losses. In their recent downgraded forecast, ESRI predicts a 2.7% contraction in gross domestic product (GDP) this year, with only a modest 0.6% growth in the domestic economy.

Several factors contribute to this economic slowdown, including a significant drop in exports of certain goods, higher prices, and interest rates negatively impacting consumer spending. Both multinational and indigenous sectors are facing challenging times in terms of job security, despite high employment rates and buoyant tax returns.

The warning from ESRI highlights the need for a critical examination of national spending rules and calls for a comprehensive debate on spending parameters. Additionally, the article delves into forecasts for GDP, modified domestic demand, inflation, and speculation surrounding the European Central Bank’s upcoming decision on interest rates.

ESRI’s Downgraded GDP Forecast

ESRI has downgraded its forecast for GDP, predicting a contraction of 2.7% this year. This revision reflects the challenging economic conditions faced by the country.

Factors contributing to the downturn include steep falls in exports of certain goods, such as pharmaceuticals, and the impact of higher prices and interest rates on consumer spending.

ESRI also cautions that multinationals may be underestimating the level of activity, which could further impact the economy.

The downgraded forecast for GDP suggests a significant decline in economic growth and poses concerns for employment rates and tax returns.

This contraction emphasises the need for careful analysis and strategic decision-making to mitigate the negative effects of the economic decline.

Impact on Employment Rates –> Impact on Labour Market Participation Rates

The economic decline is expected to have a significant impact on employment rates. Despite the current high employment rates, ESRI warns that the weakening economy will likely result in job losses. Both multinational and indigenous sectors are expected to face challenges in terms of employment.

Certain sectors, such as pharmaceuticals and ICT, which had experienced strong growth during and after the COVID-19 pandemic, are now slowing down. The decline in economic growth, coupled with higher prices and interest rates, has already affected consumer spending and could further contribute to job losses.

It is crucial for policymakers and businesses to closely monitor the employment situation and take proactive measures to mitigate the impact of the economic decline on employment rates.

Questioning the National Spending Rule

There are concerns regarding the appropriateness of the 5% spending rule in light of the economic decline and potential job losses. The ESRI, in its recent warning of economic decline and job losses, questions the effectiveness of this rule. With long-term growth averaging 4.5% over the past decade, the ESRI suggests that more time should be given to debating the parameters of spending rules.

Previous rules, such as those on structural deficits, were not well-suited for the economy. The Fiscal Advisory Council has also brought the spending rule into sharp and critical focus. As the economy faces significant challenges, including a projected GDP decline of 2.7% this year, it becomes crucial to reassess the appropriateness and effectiveness of the existing spending rule in order to mitigate the potential negative impact on the economy and employment.

Forecasts for GDP, MDD, and Inflation

Forecasts indicate a decrease in GDP, growth in Modified Domestic Demand (MDD), and inflation rates for the upcoming year. According to the latest projections, GDP is expected to decrease by 2.7% this year. However, there is some hope for recovery as next year, GDP is projected to increase by 2.3%.

Similarly, Modified Domestic Demand (MDD) is expected to increase by 0.6% this year and by 2% next year. On the other hand, inflation rates are expected to remain high in the near future. The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is forecasted to be 6.4% this year, but it is expected to slow down to 2.9% next year. The Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP) is also projected to follow a similar pattern, with a forecasted rate of 5.3% this year and 2.4% next year.

These forecasts provide insights into the economic outlook and will be important for policymakers and businesses to consider in their planning and decision-making processes.

BoE Meeting and Speculation on Interest Rates

As the focus shifts to the ECB Meeting and Speculation on Interest Rates, it is crucial to analyse the potential impact of these decisions on the economic decline and job losses warned by ESRI.

The ECB is currently meeting to decide on interest rates, but it is widely expected that rates will remain on hold. However, there is speculation that the ECB may bring down rates in the spring of next year.

These decisions on interest rates will have a direct impact on inflation and growth in the euro area, which in turn will affect the overall economic decline and job losses.

It is important for policymakers to carefully consider the potential consequences of their decisions in order to mitigate any further negative effects on the economy and employment rates.


In conclusion, the recent warning from ESRI regarding the potential decline in the economy and job losses highlights the need for careful consideration of spending rules and economic parameters.

Whilst facing challenges, it is important to approach these issues in a constructive and thoughtful manner.

By doing so, we can navigate through these uncertain times and work towards a stronger and more resilient economy that benefits all sectors.

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Christopher is an accomplished writer who has always dreamed of being a journalist. He is a gifted storyteller who has a way of bringing even the most mundane subjects to life. Christopher is known for his meticulous research and attention to detail, which is evident in his writing. He has a passion for uncovering the truth and presenting it in a way that is both engaging and informative. Christopher is a dedicated journalist who is committed to serving his community through his work. When he's not writing, Christopher enjoys playing music, cooking, and spending time with his loved ones.

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