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Inflation Plummets, Sending Shockwaves Through Markets


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The recent sharp decline in inflation has sent shockwaves through financial markets worldwide. In November, the rate of inflation saw a significant slowdown, dropping below 5%. This is a noteworthy development, as it is the first time since September 2021 that the annual growth in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) has fallen below this threshold.

The harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) also experienced a decline, reaching 2.3% in November. The measurement of inflation is a critical indicator of economic stability, with the CPI being a widely used standard measure.

This decline, particularly when excluding energy and unprocessed food, has implications for various sectors, including the mortgage market. However, the ultimate impact on the market remains uncertain, as multiple factors influence its future outlook.

Sharp Slowdown in November Inflation

How significantly did inflation slow down in November?

In November, inflation experienced a significant slowdown, with the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rising by only 3.9% between November 2022 and November 2023. This is the first time since September 2021 that the annual growth in the CPI has fallen below 5%.

Additionally, the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP) also slowed down, reaching 2.3% in November. It is important to note that the CPI is a standard measure of inflation used by the Central Statistics Office (CSO), while the HICP is an EU measure that excludes mortgage interest payments.

The slowdown in inflation is part of a larger trend observed in the euro area, which has put pressure on the European Central Bank to consider reversing interest rate hikes.

Measurement of Inflation: Consumer Price Index (CPI) vs. Harmonized Index of Consumer Prices (HICP)

The measurement of inflation can be compared using the quantifier determiners of the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP).

The CPI is a standard measure of inflation used by the Central Statistics Office (CSO), whilst the HICP is an EU measure of inflation that excludes mortgage interest payments.

Although both indices measure inflation, they do so using slightly different methodologies and baskets of goods. The CPI includes a broader range of goods and services, whilst the HICP focuses more on consumer goods.

The choice between using CPI or HICP depends on the specific needs and context of the analysis.

Understanding the differences between these two measures is crucial for accurately assessing and comparing inflation rates.

Excluding Energy and Unprocessed Food

Excluding energy and unprocessed food, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) recorded a 5.6% increase in the 12 months leading up to November 2023. This indicates a significant rise in prices for goods and services, excluding the volatile sectors of energy and unprocessed food.

It is important to exclude these sectors as they tend to experience significant fluctuations that can distort the overall inflation rate. By focusing on the core CPI, policymakers and economists gain a clearer understanding of underlying inflationary pressures in the economy.

This information is crucial for making informed decisions regarding monetary policy and assessing the overall health of the economy. The exclusion of energy and unprocessed food provides valuable insights into the persistent inflationary forces that may be present, allowing for a more accurate assessment of price trends.

Trend: Lower Inflation Puts Pressure on Bank of England

Lower inflation is putting pressure on the European Central Bank (ECB). The recent decrease in inflation confirms a trend seen in the euro area, where prices are still increasing but at a slower rate. This trend is now forcing the ECB to reconsider its interest rate increases.

With inflation below 5% in November, the ECB may feel compelled to take actions to stimulate the economy and prevent further slowdown. Lower inflation could also have implications for the property market, as it may contribute to a more stable environment for homeowners. However, the impact on mortgage interest rates and the overall outlook for the property market remains uncertain and will depend on various factors.

The ECB will need to carefully monitor the situation and make appropriate decisions to manage the challenges posed by lower inflation.

Impact on Mortgage Market

With the recent drop in inflation and its potential implications for the mortgage market, careful monitoring and decision-making by the European Central Bank (ECB) will be crucial.

Lower inflation may contribute to a more stable mortgage market, as it can affect mortgage interest rates. Homeowners will be hoping for a more settled mortgage market in 2024, as the trend of lower inflation continues.

However, the impact on the mortgage market will depend on various factors, such as the overall economic conditions, housing demand, and lending practices.

The future outlook for the mortgage market remains uncertain, and it will require close attention from the ECB to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to maintain stability and support homeownership.


In conclusion, the significant decrease in inflation rates has had a profound impact on global markets. This pattern, specifically the reduction in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) and the harmonised index of consumer prices (HICP), has raised worries about the economy’s stability.

Although the exclusion of energy and unprocessed food may have played a part in this decline, the effect on the mortgage market is still uncertain. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that lower inflation rates have the potential to establish a more stable setting for homeowners and market participants.

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Lisa is a skilled writer with a huge passion for journalism. With a talent for storytelling and a deep understanding of current events, she has quickly become a respected journalist in the industry. Lisa's articles are always well-written and thought-provoking, and she has a knack for finding the most interesting angles on any story. She is known for her ability to connect with her readers and engage them in the issues that matter most. Lisa is a dedicated journalist who is passionate about making a positive impact through her writing. When she's not working, Lisa enjoys hiking, yoga, and spending time with her loved ones.

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